Week in Review: Auto, Security, Ubiquitous Computing

Week in Review: Auto, Security, Ubiquitous Computing

Automotive, mobility

The BMW Group will invest $1.7 billion in its US operations to build electric vehicles and batteries, primarily in South Carolina. BMW will give up $1 billion at its South Carolina plant for electric vehicle production and $700 million for a new battery assembly plant in the state. BMW has also agreed to buy battery cells from Japanese company Envision AESC, which plans to build a new battery cell plant in South Carolina.

Rolls Royce unveiled its first electric vehicle, the Spectre, with a price of $413,000, available in 2023. The car weighs 6,559 pounds, goes from 0 to 60 mph in 4.4 seconds (Chevy Bolts takes 6.5 seconds), has a range of 260 miles and produces 664 lb-ft of torque and 577 horsepower. Inside the special doors (called Starlight Doors) and the interior ceiling are over 4,000 tiny points of light – marked as stars – against a dark background.

This week the US administration Biden announced its American Battery Materials Initiative, aimed at domesticating the mining and manufacturing of battery materials (cathode and anode), such as lithium, graphite, silicon oxide and nickel, for electric vehicles and the electrical network. The US Department of Energy (DOE) also announced the first projects it is funding through the bipartisan Infrastructure Act to expand domestic electric vehicle battery manufacturing and the power grid. The DOE has awarded $2.8 billion in grants to 20 manufacturing and processing companies in 12 US states. (The bipartisan Infrastructure Act has a total of $7 billion for grants.) When combined, the investments in electric vehicles and batteries from the bipartisan Infrastructure Act, the CHIPS & Science Act, and of the Inflation Reduction Act will total more than $135 billion.

A chart from the US Department of Energy shows the companies it has given money to for battery technology and manufacturing.  Source: DOE

A chart from the US Department of Energy shows the companies it has given money to for battery technology and manufacturing. Source: DOE

Waymo will expand its self-driving taxi service to Los Angeles. The service is currently operational in Phoenix and San Francisco.

volkswagen will invest 2.4 billion euros with China Horizon Roboticsa smart vehicle IT solutions provider in China, to strengthen Volkswagen’s presence in the Chinaautomotive market. software company TO LIKE and Horizon Robotics will enter into a joint venture to develop a complete ADAS/AD solution optimized for China with the aim of integrating numerous functions on a single chip to increase system stability, while saving cost and effort. energy. Volkswagen will use the software/hardware resulting from the JV as ADAS/AD solutions for VW’s BEV (Battery Electric Vehicle) models in China.

Apple iPhone assembler foxcon showcased two new electric vehicle (EV) prototypes and told the world that it wanted to one day dominate EV assembly as it does in small appliance assembly. “But we will start small, around 5% in 2025,” said Liu Young-way, chairman of Foxconn.

ZeroAvia used Ansys‘ simulation and engine control tools in the design of the hydrogen-electric powertrain of its ZeroAvia aircraft.

TeraWatt infrastructure, a San Francisco startup, is developing an electric vehicle charging network for heavy-duty and medium-duty trucks. The network will have charging centers 150 miles apart on Interstate 10, a US highway that covers 2,460 miles from Los Angeles to Jacksonville, Florida. TeraWatt plans to cover the California, Arizona and New Mexico stretch with its stations no more than a mile from freeway exits. The stations, which will range in size from four to 100 acres, will have dozens of DC fast chargers, charging stations and driver facilities on site.

Renesas completed its acquisition of steradian, which designs 4D imaging radar chips. Radar is used in ADAS in the automobile.

EV appliedan Australian company that manufactures digital control systems and modular vehicle platforms for commercial applications, uses the Siemens Xcelerator software and services in the design and construction of its autonomous vehicles. Applied EV manufactures Digital Backbone (DBB), a software control system for electrical and stand-alone applications.

StellarJeep brand unveiled its first all-electric SUV, the Jeep Avenger, at Paris Auto Show. The electric powertrain includes a 400-volt electric motor with 115 kilowatts, 260 Nm of peak torque and a 54 kWh battery. Range is 400 km (248 miles) within EU requirements WLTP (Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicle Test Procedure), but Stellantis reports 550 km in the urban cycle. The car will be manufactured in Europe. A cool feature is that you can link your phone to the car and find your car easier in a parking lot by checking your phone.


Apple plans to suspend its use of memory chips from China Yangtze Memory Technologies Co. (YMTC), according to Nikkei Asia, after the United States tightened its regulations.

A new vulnerability similar to Logjam appears in Apache Commons Text versions 1.5 to 1.9. A malicious hacker could use the CVE-2022-42889 vulnerability to run or contact remote servers through a set of default search instances that include interpolators.

French, Spanish and Latvian authorities, with the help of Europol and Eurojust, dismantled a car theft ring that used fraudulent tools to install software in the cars of two French manufacturers in order to gain access and start cars without key fob. The tools were marketed as a diagnostic solution, but instead replaced the vehicles’ original software. Thirty-one suspects – including software developers, device dealers and car thieves – have been arrested in three countries.

CISA, the US Agency for Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security, warned and updated information about the weakness of two industrial control systems this week. Control systems could bring down vital infrastructure, such as power grids, if compromised. Companies already have replied with updates. Advantechit is R-SeeNet The system has flaws in versions 2.4.17 and 2.4.19 that make it vulnerable to path traversal attacks (2.4.19 and earlier, see CVE-2022-3387) and stack-based buffer overflows (2.4 .17 and earlier CVE-2022-3385 ​​and CVE-2022-3386). Path traversal attacks mean that an attacker can delete PDF files by remotely exploiting vulnerable PHP code. For stack-based buffer overflows, an attacker can execute code remotely by overflowing the stack buffer. R-SeeNet is a monitoring program that extracts data from routers. Advantech recommends users to update to version 2.4.21 or later and later CISA Guidelines. Hitachi Energy Transform Asset Performance Management (APM) Edge is vulnerable because it relies on an uncontrolled component. Hitachi Energy announces that it will provide an update to APM version 4.

Last week CISA warned of other industrial control systems with vulnerabilities, sending 25 industry advisories. The agency warned of vulnerabilities in Siemens, Hitachi Energyand Mitsubishi Electric.

A “High-Level Approaches to Hardware Security” tutorial explains the concepts of IC hardware security using two hardware security issues: the scan-chain-based side-channel attack and the logic locking of devices. digital designs. The teaching material also contains open access digital resources.

Ubiquitous Computing

Apple announced that its next iPad Pro will feature Apple’s new custom M2 chip. Apple announced its M2 in June and launched it in the MacBook Air in July. The 5nm M2 features an 8-core CPU, 10-core GPU, and 16-core neural engine that can process 15.8 trillion operations per second. Compared to the M1 in the latest iPad, Apple claims the M2’s processor is up to 15% faster, GPU graphics are 35% faster, and the neural engine is 40% faster. The new chip powers Apple Pencil hover, ProRes video capture and 4K and 8K video playback, and Wi-Fi 6E, among other applications. Included is a new Image Signal Processor (ISP) that reduces image noise. Apple’s new operating system, macOS Ventura, is designed in conjunction with the M2 to optimize performance. The new OS will be released next week.

key sight enhanced its automated 5G smartphone testing software, called Nemo Device Application Test Suite, which provides automation and AI to help wireless service providers and application developers assess real-world smartphone user interactions with native apps. Keysight uses real traffic data captured by a native mobile app to create the new device testing app method, which wireless service providers are using to optimize 5G network performance.

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